What GAO Discovered
The Workplace of Administration and Price range (OMB) and Basic Companies Administration (GSA) have taken steps to guide government-wide Expertise Enterprise Administration adoption, however progress and outcomes are restricted.
- OMB’s preliminary 2017 plans for government-wide adoption required companies to report IT spending utilizing classes within the first two layers. OMB continued to require reporting of those two layers in subsequent plans. Nonetheless, 5 years after establishing preliminary plans, OMB had not expanded on necessities to incorporate the remainder of the taxonomy—the classes in layers 3 and 4, and subcategories for all layers (see determine).
Extent That the Workplace of Administration and Price range’s (OMB) Plans Addressed Components of the Expertise Enterprise Administration Taxonomy Model 3.0
- OMB and GSA assisted company efforts to implement the Expertise Enterprise Administration framework by, for instance, creating implementation steering and a maturity mannequin evaluation software. Nonetheless, OMB and GSA haven’t assessed company maturity. Additional, they haven’t analyzed the standard of companies’ information reported within the first two layers.
- OMB and GSA launched agency-reported information on the federal authorities’s IT Dashboard (layers 1 and a couple of), however didn’t disclose that about $31 billion in fiscal yr 2021 investments have been excluded. Additional, they haven’t analyzed inconsistencies in fiscal yr 2022 information, or addressed use of benchmarking that might allow spending comparisons to organizations of comparable dimension or mission.
OMB and GSA officers keep that Expertise Enterprise Administration implementation continues to be a precedence. However, till OMB establishes documented plans and company expectations for the rest of the taxonomy, uncertainty will cloud company efforts. Additional, the persevering with absence of OMB route may stop the federal authorities from absolutely reaching supposed advantages equivalent to optimizing IT spending.
Why GAO Did This Examine
The federal government has confronted longstanding challenges in IT administration and spending transparency. In 2017, OMB introduced its intention to enhance insights into IT spending by means of government-wide adoption of the Expertise Enterprise Administration Council’s framework.
This framework gives a normal taxonomy that’s organized into 4 layers (value swimming pools, IT towers, services and products, and enterprise items and capabilities) supposed to indicate a company’s complete IT spending from totally different views. These 4 layers are comprised of spending classes and subcategories.
GAO was requested to report on Expertise Enterprise Administration implementation. GAO’s goal was to determine progress OMB and GSA have made within the government-wide adoption effort. To take action, GAO analyzed and in contrast plans towards related standards, equivalent to Expertise Enterprise Administration Council steering. It additionally analyzed information, as reported by companies for fiscal years 2021 and 2022, and interviewed related officers.